Data Science and Artificial Intelligence

With the advent of big data and high computational power, many CTOs, CEOs, and decision-makers are considering unique methods to innovate. They use data analytics to understand the market, demand, and target demographics before launching a new product or service. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are rapidly entering the industry. This tendency will likely continue.

The seemingly endless applicability of AI and ML is appealing. Finance, education, and other industries are already being touched by these technologies. Machine learning is already in use in crucial sectors of healthcare, ranging from medical scan analysis to care variation reduction. Artificial Intelligence is becoming a more common part of our daily lives.

Job Vacancies Outpace Job Seekers in AI

The spread of AI is unstoppable. A PwC analysis projects that Artificial Intelligence could add $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030 and become 14% of North America’s GDP. Data scientist, computer vision engineer, computational linguist, and information strategy manager are among the AI-related positions that are likely to grow.

What is AI?

Machine learning is now the major frontier of Artificial Intelligence. Our notion of AI has evolved over time. We’ve gone a long way from the “smart fellow” robot of 1939. AI is a computer that can mimic human cognition or behavior. The most fascinating component of AI now relies on a subset called machine learning.

Machine learning enables computers to learn how to solve problems on their own. This is enabling previously unthinkable advancements. It’s why computers can recognize a friend in a photo or drive a car. It’s why many are looking forward to the emergence of human-like AI.

How Do Machine Learning and Data Science Intersect?

Machine learning is a subset of AI that allows software applications to learn from data. In addition, it allows them to predict outcomes without explicit programming. The idea is to develop algorithms that can take input data and use statistical models to predict an output, updating predictions as new data becomes available. The techniques used are similar to predictive modeling and data mining. Both methods necessitate searching data for patterns and adjusting the algorithm accordingly.

We’ve all seen machine learning in action. If you’ve ever been shopping on Amazon or watching a movie on Netflix, you’ve seen machine learning at work. Data science, on the other hand, uses computer science techniques like data mining,  visualization, cluster analysis, and — yes — machine learning.

The fundamental distinction is that data science encompasses not only algorithms and statistics but also the full data processing approach. Machine learning is a subset of AI. 

To give relevant evidence and explore treatment choices, IBM Watson uses AI to swiftly detect crucial facts in a patient’s medical record. It takes in a patient’s medical records and then delivers evidence-based and individualized recommendations based on a curated library of journals, textbooks, and many pages of texts.

A robot called Blueberry can improvise comedy using subtitles from millions of movies. University of Alberta artificial intelligence researcher Kory Mathewson constructed an algorithm to riff with him onstage. He taught it to produce dialogue by rewarding it when it makes sense and penalizing it when it spits forth gibberish. While Blueberry won’t be auditioning for The Second City anytime soon, he does have a few humorous lines.

Artificial Intelligence has been around for a long time. However, today it is becoming a vital part of every part of our lives. In the future, we can expect to see AI doing many of the things we have thought could only be done by a person. This, in turn, will create other jobs for people with the knowledge and skills to work with this kind of technology.